By Panagiota Kotsila.
Nature-based Solutions (NBS) are broadly perceived as positive ‘triple-win’ strategies, though they have so far shown contradictions and limited transformational potential for advancing environmental justice and sustainability in cities. We can, however, recover the underlying idea of respecting and protecting biodiversity as well as caring for and with nature to repair or transform some of our broken systems.
The world’s global institutions and governments with decision power on the future of millions of people living in rural areas want to continue with business as usual: industrialization and urbanization. Number two of a two-part video interview with Tania Murray Li.
“Arrogant and short-sighted leadership; distracted people dancing on the boat; and poor preparation for the catastrophe”. Marco Armiero discusses three narratives of the Anthropocene and why the stories we tell are so important. In the end, it does not matter how well equipped or prepared the boat is; only mutiny can change its course.
A core problem has been the difficulty in forging a conceptual vocabulary that grasps ‘society’ and ‘nature’ as a singular ontological domain, such that all human activity is simultaneously producer and product of the web of life – Jason W. Moore.
Capital’s dynamism turns on the exhaustion of the very webs of life necessary to sustain accumulation; the history of capitalism has been one of recurrent frontier movements to overcome that exhaustion, through the appropriation of nature’s free gifts hitherto beyond capital’s reach – Jason W. Moore, 2011.
Capitalism, as project, emerges through a world-praxis that creates external natures as objects to be mapped, quantified, and regulated so that they may service capital’s insatiable demands for cheap nature. At the same time, as process, capitalism emerges and develops through the web of life; nature is at once internal and external – Jason W. Moore.
The Anthropocene makes for an easy story. Easy, because it does not challenge the naturalized inequalities, alienation, and violence inscribed in modernity’s strategic relations of power, production, and nature – Jason W. Moore.
The world-ecology perspective argues that humans are a part of nature, such that capitalism does not act upon nature but develops through the web of life. In this view, the modern world-system is a capitalist world-ecology, joining the accumulation of capital, the pursuit of power, and the production of nature in dialectical unity – Jason W. Moore.